Sruti scriptures are considered divinely inspired and fully authoritative for belief and practice, while smruti are recognized as the products of the minds of the great sages. Hindus show respect by reading it, or even having it in their homes next to the gods. Thus hinduism signifies the aryans culture and religious. He has written several books about hinduism for children and young adults. Composed in vedic sanskrit, the texts constitute the oldest layer of sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of hinduism. Hinduism does not just have one sacred book but several scriptures. The aryans gave hinduism its priestly language, sanskrit. Metals like gold, silver, copper, iron and brass are also considered holy in hinduism. The vedas, or books of knowledge, are the foremost sacred texts in hinduism.
What are the top ten religions and what is the holy book. Five of the hindu holy books are the rig veda, bhagavad gita, sama veda, yajur veda, and athava veda. The concept of hinduism being a single monolithic religion is recent, dating back only to the 19th century. Since 1979 the international magazine hinduism today has been producing a treasury of educational features on all aspects of sanatana dharma. The most authoritative are called the vedas and the upanishads.
Hindu tradition states that the study of our holy books involves five activities. The most holy of the hindu books is written in sanskrit and is referred to as the vedas. In this article, we detail the two different categories these texts are organized into, shruti and smriti, and overview the most popular of the hindu texts. The scriptures of the vedas are meant to guide hindu believers in their daily lives. Hindus value many sacred writings as opposed to one holy book. Hindu texts are manuscripts and historical literature related to any of the diverse traditions within hinduism. The puranas are holy books of hinduism that date back to gupta empire in ancient india.
Guided by the founder, satguru sivaya subramuniyaswami, the magazines editors, who are initiated monks of the kauais hindu monastery, collaborated with holy men and women and experts around the world in creating graphically rich guides to virtually. They may also include the book of jubilees, book of enoch, 1 baruch, 4 baruch, as well as 1, 2, and 3 meqabyan no relation to the books of maccabees. The rigveda is a collection of hindu hymns that is considered to be one of the four vedas sacred canonical texts of hinduism. Srutis are more philosophical and ritualistic in nature whilst smritis are concerned more with moral and civil law. There have been numerous instances of one or both the parents taking on the role of guru for continue reading hindu religious books for children. Hindu religious books for children spiritual india trip. Hindu festivals are combinations of religious ceremonies, semiritual spectacles, worship, prayer, lustrations, processions, music and dances, eating, drinking, lovemaking, licentiousness, feeding the poor, and other activities of a religious or traditional character. The book, which was first published in 1947, has now been rearranged in a more convenient form, with useful additions here and there, and is now released in its fifth edition. These are the most ancient religious texts which define truth for hindus. Information on hinduism for kids primary homework help. Hinduism is the worlds third most popular religion, with around 750 million followers. The vedas, the best known hindu sacred texts, are some of the earliest religious texts in existence.
The veda is a rather unusual collection of literature. Devotees worship the banana tree every thursday by offering turmeric, jaggery and. Linda johnsen, the complete idiots guide to hinduism. Ramayana and mahabharata are the two important holy books of hinduism. Online shopping from a great selection at books store. Jainism is an eastern religion with origins in the indus river valley dating back to 3000 b. Other holy scriptures in hinduism are called the upanisads, the smrutis, the puranas, the ramayana and the mahabharata. Hinduism holy book important books and writings of hinduism. Those that celebrate teachers and saints in the tradition and those that celebrate notable events from scripture. The guru shishya tradition in hinduism for kids the guru shishya paramparatradition is a very important part of the hindu culture and religion. Hinduism does not possess a single holy book like bible in christianity and quran in islamic dharma. The bhagavad gita by krishnadwaipayana vyasa, walk like a buddha.
Hinduism, has many holy books, but most popular is shreemad bhagavad gita, upanishads and veda. The rigveda is believed to have been created between 1500 and. Do hindus have a sacred text like bible to refer to as the canon. Hinduism has no single founder, no single scripture, and no commonly agreed set of teachings despite many key figures and numerous holy books that might indicate otherwise. One such definition is the followers of vaidika dharma, or those who follow the religious teachings outlined in the vedas and their corollaries. Om lata bahadur, book of hindu festivals and ceremonies 2nd edition. First is learning it from a teacher, second is contemplation, third is their practice acting per their teachings and performing the rituals taught by them, fourth is their recitation japa and the fifth is teaching them to one. Bhagavad gita the holy book of hindus 2059 words bartleby. These texts are glorious tales of the hindu trinity brahma, vishnu and maheshwar shiva.
The specific principles and disciplines of hinduism vary with different sects. Download the bible, the holy quran, the mahabharata, and thousands of free pdf ebooks on buddhism, meditation, etc. The institutes of vishnu sbe 7 julius jolly, translator 1880 sacred books of the east, vol. Such objects are sacred in hinduism and people have faith in it. We do hope that all serious students of hindu religion and philosophy will find the book useful and. The new testament contains the sinodos, the books of the covenant, clement, and the didascalia. The sacred books in hinduism and buddhism 1581 words. Even animals like cow is considered very holy in hinduism.
These sacred books began as an oral tradition that was passed down unaltered for. Hindus can choose to be polytheistic, pantheistic, panentheistic, pandeistic, henotheistic, monotheistic, monistic, agnostic, atheistic or humanist. The shruti refers to the body of most authoritative, ancient religious texts, believed to be eternal knowledge authored neither by human nor divine. Hinduism does not have a single holy book, but many ancient texts and scriptures. Tantric practices cross religious boundaries, and manifest themselves in aspects of hinduism, jainism, and buddhism. Sacred books, in my opinion, are the most important things that can preserve the knowledge of religion. Hinduism i ching islam icelandic jainism journals judaism legendssagas legendary creatures lgbt miscellaneous mormonism mysticism native american necronomicon new thought neopaganismwicca nostradamus oahspe pacific paleolithic parapsychology philosophy piri reis map prophecy roma sacred books of the east sacred sexuality shakespeare.
Thus any definition of hinduism is somewhat arbitrary and. An overview of the hindu texts as well as access to their translation. In some ways hinduism is the oldest living religion since some elements of it date back thousands of years. In common with other faiths, hindu festivals mostly fall into two broad categories.
How do hindus show respect for their holy book answers. When transmitted orally certain interpretations may occur, especially when translated into different languages. Some of the other holy works and books of hinduism are stories and epic poems. Hinduism download books, sacred, spiritual texts and pdf.
Hindu sources of authority sources of authority gcse religious. A few texts are shared resources across these traditions and broadly considered as hindu scriptures. Jains see these texts, which are the transcriptions of lord mahavirs sermons, as sacred documents. However, the puranas are supposed to be complied by muni vyasa. The original purpose of these activities was to purify, avert malicious. Holy days and festivals it has been said that in hinduism there is a festival for each day in a year,this may be an underestimate. The vedas are a large body of texts originating in ancient india. Hinduism, major world religion originating on the indian subcontinent and comprising several and varied systems of philosophy, belief, and ritual.
The primary sacred texts, known as the vedas, were. The primary sacred texts, known as the vedas, were composed around 1500 b. If the indus valley civilization 3rd2nd millennium bce was the earliest source of hindu traditions, then hinduism is the oldest living religion on earth. Sruti belongs to the vedic period while smriti belongs to the postvedic period. The religion of hinduism originated in northern india, near the river indus, about 4000 years ago and is the worlds oldest existing religion. Bhagavad gita the technical part of book 6 of the mahabharata is also the world famous one. Sruti consists of four vedas, upanishads, brahmanas, aranyakas, and bhagavadgita while smriti consists of manu smriti, 18 puranas, ramayana, and mahabharata and other hindu holy books. Hindu sacred texts the sacred texts of hinduism fall into one of two categories. In this article, we detail the two different categories. India was a mother of many religions, particularly hinduism and buddhism. Hinduism includes a diversity of ideas on spirituality and traditions, but has no ecclesiastical order, no unquestionable religious authorities, no governing body, no prophets nor any binding holy book. Rather, there is a huge array of different sacred texts.
Many scholars liken hinduism to a family of religions, with all affiliated members bearing a family resemblance. The oral transmission of sacred knowledge, from the teacher to the student, continues till today. The most ancient sacred texts of the hindu religion are written in sanskrit and called the vedas. Which is the holy book or sacred scripture of hinduism. Hinduism is practised by more than 80% of indias population. They called the indus river sindhu, and it is from this term that hindu derives. The holy books of world religions sacred texts in world. The vedas a collection of hymns praising the vedic gods. Scholars hesitate in defining the term hindu scriptures given the diverse nature of hinduism, but many list the bhagavad gita and the. The holy book of jainism is a collection of texts known as agam literature or the agam sutras. Some of the holy books are the ramayan and the bhagvad gita. Hindu texts are manuscripts and historical literature related to any of the diverse traditions. The shruti texts are ancient scriptures consisting of poems, chants.553 872 1547 707 1555 1543 1239 260 1439 1509 112 1397 1076 656 1153 559 237 287 209 1299 493 166 730 1447 854 510 834 632 457 1234 275 867