Glucose gives your body the energy it needs to work. Introduction type 2 diabetes mellitus is a major source of morbidity and mortality in south africa, spurred by increased urbanisation and unhealthy lifestyle factors. Excluding gestational diabetes diabetes that develops during pregnancy there are two main types. Practice guidelines resources american diabetes association. Whats the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It is characterized by high levels of sugar in the blood. The 2020 standards of medical care in diabetes includes all of adas current clinical practice recommendations and is intended to provide clinicians, patients, researchers, payers, and others with the components of diabetes care, general treatment goals, and tools to evaluate the quality of care. But to use glucose as energy, your body needs insulin. Eat three balanced meals per day, no more than six hours apart. But, not all people with diabetes have the same problem. To learn more about the movement, visit or call 1800 diabetes.
The following are reproducible patient education handouts available in pdf format. You may feel isolated or overwhelmed at times, but management is possible and youre. Of all people with diabetes, 90% have type 2 diabetes. Pdf type2 diabetes is a major, noncommunicable disease with increasing prevalence at a global level. Starchy foods with a low gi include porridge, pasta, pulses, noodles, and wholegrainmultiseedgranary breads. In type 1 diabetes, the beta cells of the pancreas which produce. Some of the measures taken to ensure healthy living in patients with type 2 diabetes include. These handouts may be reproduced for educational purposes only. Diabetic challenges facing people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes can feel overwhelming. Glucose comes from digestion of sugars and starches in the foods.
People with type 2 diabetes are said to have insulin resistance. This comprehensive booklet contains all you need to know about type 2 diabetes. More than 3 million canadians have diabetes and more than 90% of these have type 2 diabetes. Working with your healthcare team to make a personal plan can help you focus your efforts. Created for those recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, the living with type 2 diabetes program offers participants an opportunity to learn about diabetes and diabetes management gradually over a 12month period. Living with type 2 diabetes edinburgh centre for endocrinology. Living better with type 2 diabetes everyday health.
Eventually, most people with type 2 diabetes will also need medication to manage their blood sugar levels. It is important to know that you can live a long and healthy life by keeping your blood sugar levels in the target range set by you and your healthcare provider. The majority of people with diabetes are affected by type 2 diabetes. Risk factors for type 1 diabetes are not as clear as for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. And if you are treated with oral medications that release insulin from the pancreas, or insulin, you must match. Pdf the prevention and control the type2 diabetes by changing. Living with type 2 diabetes program, you can help stop diabetes and change the future of this disease. Diabetes comes in different forms, depending on the cause.
Type 2 diabetes affects how your body uses and stores glucose. There are so many factors to consider and this can be stressful, but you shouldnt need to put your life on hold. A major concern today is the increasing numbers of people with type 2 diabetes. Among people with diabetes, 90 to 95 percent have type 2 diabetes, according to. The main types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational. In the western pacific region alone, it is estimated that 1 million people 8. Diabetes is a manageable disease, but it does mean learning how to. Diabetes in western pacific world health organization. And while some people can control their blood sugar levels with healthy eating and exercise. The types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and a condition called gestational diabetes, which happens when pregnant.
And the american diabetes association is here to help. To sign up for the living with type 2 diabetes program. Diabetes occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Living free with type 2 diabetes a healthy lifestyle works. This section will provide you with the information you need on how you can fit diabetes.
As well as eating less fat it is important to eat the right type of fat. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and it means that your body doesnt use insulin properly. Created for those recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, the living with type 2 diabetes program offers participants an opportunity to learn about diabetes and diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, although it can appear at any age. Type2 diabetes results when the body does not make enough insulin or the body cannot. Resources for living with type 2 diabetes as with any chronic illness, dealing with diabetes can be stressful. If you have type 2 diabetes, your body does not make or use insulin well. Some ethnic groups, like the south african indian population, are more prone to developing diabetes. Having type 2 diabetes increases your risk of heart disease but eating less fat in your diet can help reduce that risk. Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an immune reaction the body attacks itself by mistake.
There are many types of weight loss plans to choose from. Join the living with type 2 diabetes program today. People who are middleaged or older are most likely to get this kind of diabetes. Living better with type 2 diabetes everyday health search. Understanding carbohydrates diabetes education online. Fill out the card on the back of this booklet and mail it back to us no postage needed, or. But you can learn to cope with the help of your health care team, family, friends. Glucose is the fuel that feeds your bodys cells, but to enter your cells it needs a key. It focuses on eating regularly timed meals and selecting low glycemic index foods. Living with type 2 diabetes program thrive with type 2 diabetes.
Prevent highrisk people from developing type 2 diabetes. When people first find out that they have diabetes. High blood glucose can cause health problems over time. Type 2 diabetes usually appears with no symptoms at all, but as the disease progresses, you may experience some changes in your body. Having a parent, brother, or sister with type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can be managed with healthy foods, regular exercise and losing weight if overweight or obese. It can cause symptoms like excessive thirst, needing to pee a lot and tiredness. Differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes patient. Living with type 2 it is vital to look after your eyes and feet and address your diet. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes develops slowly and high blood glucose symptoms are usually. Get the facts on drugs such as metformin and insulin. Diabetes is one of the four major noncommunicable diseases ncds and its global prevalence has been steadily increasing in recent years. Local epidemiological data are required to inform health planning and policy. High blood sugar can make you very ill and lead to serious health complications. Tips to help keep your blood sugar levels in a healthy range 1. Living with type 2 diabetes first, take a deep breath. The things youve wanted to know about type 2 diabetes are all here. A complete lifestyle guide there are 4 types of diabetes type 1 is when the beta cells in the pancreas, where insulin is made, do not work properly and there is little or.
Get expert tips for managing all aspects of your type 2 diabetes care, including diet, exercise, and blood sugar testing. An early diagnosis means a person can start treatment at once, improving their chances of preventing the complications that. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day to stay alive. Learn about the symptoms of type 2 diabetes and how they. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, develops over time, and is much more common than type 1, virdi says. Type 2 diabetes most often develops in people over age 45, but more and more children, teens, and young adults are also developing it.
Living with type 2 diabetes managing your diabetes. The countries with the largest number of people with type 2 diabetes are china, india and the united states of america usa. Type 2 diabetes is a common condition that causes the level of sugar glucose in the blood to become too high. There are several types of diabetes medication for people with type. Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the amount of glucose.447 1484 148 1213 289 118 183 1568 1264 1266 760 70 1462 1024 757 200 1400 1330 1027 876 881 739 407 114 456 410 58 456 91 468 380 534